Knee and Leg
The knee joint is made up of the lower end of the femur (thigh bone), the upper end of the tibia ( shin bone) and the patella (knee cap). Large ligaments attach to the bones and help control motion.The meniscus is a wedge of cartilage located between the thigh and shin bones which acts as a cushion and a shock absorber.
The knee is the largest joint in the body and also one of the easiest to injure. It’s no wonder that joint pain problems are the most common reason to visit an orthopaedic provider. The most common knee injuries involve pulled ligaments. There are four major ligaments found in the knee. They are the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament), the MCL (medial collateral ligament) and occasionally, the PCL (posterior cruciate ligament) and the LCL (Lateral Collateral Ligament).
Find Information By Body Part
- Cartilage and meniscus injuries
- Dislocation of the kneecap
- Ligament sprains or tears
- Loose or foreign bodies
- Osgood-Schlatter disease